Making their mark in American history, the Oneida Indian Nation became the first ally to America when they joined the colonists in their fight for independence during the American Revolutionary War. In 1794, after the victory over the British and many hardships for the Oneidas, George Washington signed the Treaty of Canandaigua recognizing the Oneida Nation as a sovereign entity. The agreement granted federal protection of 300,000 acres.
By the early 1900s, illegal state treaties nearly depleted the Oneida Indian Nation of its homeland. The Oneidas had to fight to recover the last 32 acres granted to them. The federal government filed suit in U.S. District Court in 1919 to help the Oneida Indian Nation reclaim this land.
Today, the Oneida Indian Nation has regained more than 18,000 acres of their original homelands Dedicated perseverance has led to a resurgence for the Oneida Indian Nation. Today, the nation prospers through many diverse enterprises, including Turning Stone® Resort Casino and a chain of SavOn Convenience stores.
This has allowed the Oneida Indian Nation to provide many programs and services to its Members as well as to reinvest in their enterprises and community, becoming economic engine in the Central New York region.
For more about the Oneidas, their history, culture, programs and impact on our community, visit the Oneida Indian Nation website.